Argentina's Partisan Past: Nationalism and the politics of history
Title: Argentina's Partisan Past: Nationalism and the politics of history
Author: GOEBEL, Thomas Michael
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
Citation: Liverpool, Liverpool University Press, 2011
Argentina’s Partisan Past is a challenging new study about the production, the spread and the use of understandings of national history and identity for political purposes in twentieth-century Argentina. Based on extensive research of primary and published sources, it analyses how nationalist views about what it meant to be Argentine were built into the country’s long drawn-out crisis of liberal democracy from the 1930s to the 1980s.
Table of Contents:
Acknowledgements vii List of acronyms and abbreviations x Introduction 1 1 Argentina’s two pantheons: from mitrismo to revisionism 23 Introduction 23 Mitrismo, Argentina’s ‘official’ history 24 The Nueva Escuela and the Centenary Generation 32 Nacionalismo, populist nationalists and the emergence of historical revisionism 42 Conclusion 55 2 Between co-optation and opposition: Peronism, nationalism and the politics of history, 1943–55 65 Introduction 65 Prelude to Perón: nacionalismo and the military, 1943–46 67 Intellectuals, nationalism and the Peronist state 72 Peronism and the pantheon of national heroes 86 The effects of Peronist nationalism 94 Conclusion 97 3 The deepening polarisation: the proscription of Peronism and its politics of history, 1955–66 108 Introduction 108 Intellectuals and the rise of left-wing revisionism 110 The politics of history under the Liberating Revolution 120 Frondizi’s ‘integrationism’ and the emergence of Peronist-nationalist youth groups 126 Conclusion 136 vi argentina’s partisan past 4 The apogee of revisionism: nationalism, political violence and the politics of history, 1966–76 145 Introduction 145 Nationalism and history in the Onganía regime 146 Historical narratives and the rise of middle-class and student Peronism 154 The return of Peronism, 1973–76: revisionism’s victory? 164 Conclusion 171 5 New narratives for a new era? Shifts, decline and resurgence of nationalist constructions of the past since 1976 181 Introduction 181 Nationalism and the proceso 183 The rise of irredentism and the decline of partisan nationalism 194 Nationalism and democratisation: laying revisionism to rest? 202 The accommodation and resurgence of revisionism under Menem and the Kirchners 210 Conclusion 218 Conclusion 230 Glossary 245 Bibliography 248 Index 272