What Makes Social Mortality Differences Decline in Old Age?

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dc.contributor.author HOFFMANN, Rasmus
dc.date.accessioned 2009-06-04T12:18:40Z
dc.date.available 2009-06-04T12:18:40Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.issn 1830-7728
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1814/11479
dc.description.abstract In many empirical studies mortality differences between socioeconomic groups (SES) decrease in the higher age groups. However, the mechanism behind this convergence is unknown. This study presents empirical evidence and possible explanations. Danish register data of all men in Denmark above age 58 between 1980 and 2002 (n=938.427) and event history analysis is used to study mortality differences between income groups, controlled for eight other variables. Interaction models with age or health status are used to describe the change of SES mortality differences with age. Mortality differences in Denmark are very large. The upper 75 percent of the income distribution have very similar mortality levels, but have approximately only 35 percent of the mortality risk of the poorest 10 percent. Mortality differentials are stable across age groups (controlled for health) but they converge completely when health is deteriorating. This study shows that instead of “age as leveler” it is “illness as leveler”. The finding that SES only has a very small impact on the transition from poor health to death shows that SES mortality differences do not exist because ill people with low SES have poor access to intensive or expensive medical care. It rather suggests that SES differences in mortality originate in the period of prevention and early treatment. This is also the period where policy measures against health inequality are most promising. en
dc.description.abstract The pdf has been removed on 28.07.2009 en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation.ispartofseries EUI MWP en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 2009/17 en
dc.subject mortality en
dc.subject health en
dc.subject old age en
dc.subject income en
dc.subject socioeconomic status en
dc.subject SES en
dc.subject age as leveler en
dc.subject Denmark en
dc.subject register data en
dc.subject longitudinal analysis en
dc.subject event history analysis en
dc.title What Makes Social Mortality Differences Decline in Old Age? en
dc.type Working Paper en


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