Are Socioeconomic Differences in Mortality Greater in a more Equal Society?

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dc.contributor.author HOFFMANN, Rasmus
dc.date.accessioned 2009-06-04T12:26:59Z
dc.date.available 2009-06-04T12:26:59Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.issn 1830-7728
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1814/11480
dc.description.abstract The magnitude of socioeconomic mortality differences changes between countries. This could be attributed to the level of social inequality and explicit policy interventions to address social inequality in health. However, the empirical evidence does not show a clear international relationship between such country features and health inequality. Denmark and the USA are analyzed in terms of socioeconomic differences in mortality for men above age 58. The data sources are Danish register data from 1980 and 2002 (n=938.427), and survey data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) from 1992 to 2006 (n=9374). Event history analysis is used to study the impact of SES on mortality (for Denmark by cause of death), and compare the magnitude of mortality differences between the two countries. Income is the most important predictor for mortality. Surprisingly, mortality differentials are larger in Denmark than in the USA, with the richest 75 percent of Danish men having only 30 percent of the mortality risk of the poorest 10 percent. In the USA this RR is only 0.60. These wide mortality differences in Denmark exist for all major ICD groups. Low income seems to be a fundamental and powerful risk factor for mortality from all major causes. This study adds valid empirical evidence to previous findings that more equal societies and welfare regimes do not perform better in terms of health inequalities. In addition, it offers tentative explanations for the puzzle that SES mortality differences are larger in Denmark than in the USA. en
dc.description.abstract The pdf has been removed on 28.07.2009
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation.ispartofseries EUI MWP en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 2009/16 en
dc.subject mortality en
dc.subject health en
dc.subject old age en
dc.subject income en
dc.subject education en
dc.subject socioeconomic status en
dc.subject SES en
dc.subject relative deprivation en
dc.subject Denmark en
dc.subject USA en
dc.subject welfare states en
dc.subject register data en
dc.subject Health and Retirement Study (HRS) en
dc.subject longitudinal analysis en
dc.subject event history analysis en
dc.subject cause of death en
dc.title Are Socioeconomic Differences in Mortality Greater in a more Equal Society? en
dc.type Working Paper en


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