On the Strategic Use of the Preliminary Reference System: Plausible Assumptions v. Empirical Reality

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dc.contributor.author SLEPCEVIC, Reinhard
dc.date.accessioned 2009-06-25T09:41:24Z
dc.date.available 2009-06-25T09:41:24Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.issn 1830-7728
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1814/11758
dc.description.abstract In this paper, I examine a central assumption of the neo-functionalist theory of European integration empirically: that interest groups use the preliminary reference system strategically in order to pursue their policy interests and to push European integration further. Focusing on EU environmental policy, I first analyse all preliminary references in this field and show that the pattern found cannot be explained by current theories. I then report the findings of expert interviews on the use of the preliminary reference system carried out with French, German and Dutch environmental organisations that have litigated before national courts to enforce the Natura 2000 Directives. I show that there is no evidence that environmental organisations use the preliminary reference system in a way suggested by neo-functionalist theory. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation.ispartofseries EUI MWP en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 2009/24 en
dc.subject European Court of Justice en
dc.subject preliminary references en
dc.subject strategic litigation en
dc.subject environment en
dc.subject national courts en
dc.title On the Strategic Use of the Preliminary Reference System: Plausible Assumptions v. Empirical Reality en
dc.type Working Paper en
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