The Limits and Merits of Internationalism. Experts, the State and the International Community in Poland in the First Half of the Twentieth Century
Title: The Limits and Merits of Internationalism. Experts, the State and the International Community in Poland in the First Half of the Twentieth Century
Series/Number: EUI RSCAS; 2009/41
Employing the example of two Polish technical experts – the metallurgist Jan Czochralski and the architect-urbanist Szymon Syrkus, who both reached the peak of their careers in the Interwar period, the article sketches a particular space of expertise in the newly developing states of Central Europe after 1918 and in Poland in particular. For experts like Czochralski and Syrkus a new and pronounced state activity helped to bring about a space of opportunities but was also a source of severe restrictions and demands for loyalty. With the Second World War and then with the establishment of a socialist regime this space vanished and a particular kind of experts, relying heavily on the transnational structures still being in place in central Eastern Europe before the war almost ceased to exist.
Subject: Central Eastern Europe; Experts; Transnational Space; Internationalism; Knowledge
Type of Access: openAccess