War Contexts: The Criminal Responsibility of Private Security Personnel

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dc.contributor.author QUIRICO, Ottavio
dc.date.accessioned 2010-04-19T14:43:31Z
dc.date.available 2010-04-19T14:43:31Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.issn 1831-4066
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1814/13735
dc.description.abstract This paper explores the criminal accountability of Private Security Company (PSC) personnel in war contexts. It focuses on the legal position of PSC personnel, defined on the basis of the relationship linking PSCs to the hiring subject. The topic is analysed from two perspectives. First, the liability of PSC personnel for war crimes is considered. Secondly, attention is paid to the concept of ‘direct participation in hostilities’ as a possible excuse for PSC personnel in case of domestic criminal liability. The paper argues that, under certain circumstances, private security contractors can be de facto assimilated to subjects formally classified under IHL. In this light, the ambiguous legal status of private security personnel with respect to war should have a limited impact on criminal liability. In theory, the current national and international regulation affords multiple means to try PSC personnel. In practice, the unwillingness or incapability of States to prosecute proves a major obstacle for the efficiency of the system. By overcoming the frame of State sovereignty, the International Criminal Court (ICC) provides appropriate mechanisms for implementing the existing rules, but its jurisdiction is limited by the founding treaty. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation.ispartofseries EUI AEL en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 2010/03 en
dc.relation.ispartofseries PRIV-WAR project en
dc.rights info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.title War Contexts: The Criminal Responsibility of Private Security Personnel en
dc.type Working Paper en
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