State of the Art? Advances in Explaining Women’s Employment Patterns
Title: State of the Art? Advances in Explaining Women’s Employment Patterns
Series/Number: EUI MWP; 2010/08
This paper provides a multidisciplinary review of research aimed at explaining the substantial differences in women’s employment trajectories that still exist within and across countries. It covers research that emphasises economic and/or normative rationalities in women’s employment decisions and work that focuses more on the structural constraints to women’s employment. It discusses recent research developments – conceptual and methodological advances – and based on the identification of central research gaps and methodological challenges, it indicates avenues for future research. Finally, the paper casts a critical view on the ‘explanatory power’ of contemporary research on women’s employment and discusses appropriate research designs for the evaluation of policy effects on women’s employment.
Subject: Women’s employment; family policy; gender culture; literature review
Type of Access: openAccess