The Political Economy of Trade and Industrialization: Turkey and Egypt in the post-liberalization era
Title: The Political Economy of Trade and Industrialization: Turkey and Egypt in the post-liberalization era
Author: ADLY, Amr
Citation: Florence, European University Institute, 2010
Series/Report no.: EUI PhD theses; Department of Political and Social Sciences
How do state economic institutions come about? And why do developing countries give different accounts of state institution-building? This study argues that state economic institution-building is a function of the ruling incumbents’ motives and scope conditions. Motives refer to the incumbents’ identification of state institutionbuilding with their immediate and direct interest of political survival in office. Meanwhile, scope conditions refer to the enabling or constraining factors that the incumbents confront in pursuit of reform which either supplement or limit their autonomy and resources. The study examines the cases of Turkey and Egypt following the embarking on economic liberalization in 1980 and 1990 respectively. On the one hand, Turkey witnessed considerable institution-building in export-related policy and regulation areas with remarkable implications for export expansion and restructuring from raw materials into manufactured products. Conversely, postliberalization Egypt suffered from institutional stagnation associated with a poor export performance and persistent dependency on oil exports. The claim is that Turkish incumbents have been more motivated and enabled to undertake encompassing institutional reforms with the aim of export expansion restricting than their Egyptian counterparts.
LC Subject Heading: Middle East -- Economic policy; Middle East -- Economic conditions; Economic development -- Political aspects -- Middle East
Defence date: 14/09/2010; Examining Board: Prof. László Bruszt, European University Institute (Supervisor) Prof. Robert Springborg, Naval Postgraduate School, Montery (External Supervisor) Prof. Sven Steinmo, European University Institute Prof. Terry Karl, Stanford University
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