The Law of Mercosur
Title: The Law of Mercosur
Citation: Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2010
The Law of MERCOSUR presents both an overview and in-depth analysis of one of the world’s most important and increasingly influential economic organisations. The book comprises both a series of first-hand analyses of MERCOSUR by experts from countries in the MERCOSUR bloc, and also discussions from other parts of the world looking at MERCOSUR as global actor of ever-increasing importance. The book is divided into three main parts: the first analyses the key institutional legal aspects of MERCOSUR, looking at its history, the general theory of economic integration, and basic aspects relating to the functioning of MERCOSUR; the second examines specialised topics, including the regulation of the environment, human rights and the energy market in MERCOSUR; and in the third part the editors offer a translation of core MERCOSUR instruments, with the objective of furthering understanding of the economic bloc. Original in its conception, the book aims to fill a major gap in the English-language literature by offering a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of the Law of MERCOSUR, and it is hoped that it will become essential reading for those practitioners and academics who are interested not only in MERCOSUR, but in economic integration generally, in international trade, and in the regional aspects of the phenomenon of globalisation.
Table of Contents:
List of contributors ix Abbreviations xi 1 Introduction to the Law of MERCOSUR 1 MARCÍLIO TOSCANO FRANCA FILHO, LUCAS LIXINSKI AND MARÍA BELÉN OLMOS GIUPPONI Part I General Legal Aspects of MERCOSUR 7 2 Theories of Regional Integration and the Origins of MERCOSUR 9 ANDRÉS MALAMUD 3 The Legal-Institutional Structure of MERCOSUR 29 ADRIANA DREYZIN DE KLOR 4 Sources of Law in MERCOSUR 57 MARÍA BELÉN OLMOS GIUPPONI 5 Dispute Settlement 73 NADINE SUSANI 6 Economic Freedoms in MERCOSUR 87 FELIX FUDERS 7 MERCOSUR and the WTO 131 SAMANTHA S MOURA RIBEIRO 8 External Relations 147 MARCÍLIO TOSCANO FRANCA FILHO 9 MERCOSUR Compared 165 PHILLIPE DE LOMBAERDE, FRANK MATTHEIS AND CHARLOTTE VANFRAECHEM 10 The Law of MERCOSUR and International Law: The Struggle for Independence 191 MARTHA LUCÍA OLIVAR JIMENEZ Part II Specific and Emerging Issues 209 11 Cooperation in Civil Judicial Matters 211 CARMEN TIBURCIO 12 MERCOSUR and Environmental Law 225 ALESSANDRA CORREIA LIMA MACEDO FRANCA 13 Circulation of Workers in the Law of MERCOSUR 241 HUGO ROBERTO MANSUETI 14 International Taxation in MERCOSUR 259 JAMILE BERGAMASCHINE MATA DIZ 15 The Protection of Foreign Direct Investment in MERCOSUR 277 DIEGO FRAGA LERNER 16 Competition Rules in MERCOSUR: The Fortaleza Protocol 291 LÚCIO TOMÉ FÉTEIRA 17 The Protection of Intellectual Property in MERCOSUR 317 FÉLIX VACAS FERNÁNDEZ 18 Consumer Protection Policy in MERCOSUR 331 CLAUDIA LIMA MARQUES 19 Human Rights in MERCOSUR 351 LUCAS LIXINSKI 20 Data Protection as a Trade Resource in MERCOSUR 365 DANILO DONEDA AND MARIO VIOLA DE AZEVEDO CUNHA 21 Energy Markets: Aspects of Energy Integration and MERCOSUR 387 HANNES HOFMEISTER 22 Regional Integration and Development 395 FABIANO DE ANDRADE CORREA 23 The Legal Future of MERCOSUR 413 LUCAS LIXINSKI AND FABIANO DE ANDRADE CORREA 24 An Introduction to the English Version of MERCOSUR Treaty and Protocols 425 LUCIANA CARVALHO Index 473
Contributors Fabiano de Andrade Correa PhD Researcher, European University Institute, Florence; MAE-AECI Fellow; Master in Diplomacy and International Relations, Diplomatic Academy of Madrid; LLB, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil. Mario Viola de Azevedo Cunha, LLM in Private Law, Rio de Janeiro State University, is Master of Research, European University Institute, Florence; PhD Researcher at the European University Institute, Florence. Luciana Carvalho LLB, MA, is a Doctoral candidate at the University of São Paulo and a Professor of Legal Translation at the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo. Danilo Doneda PhD in Private Law, Rio de Janeiro State University, is Professor of Private Law at Campos Law School, Río de Janeiro. Adriana Dreyzin De Klor Fernand Braudel Fellow, European University Institute, Florence, and former legal consultant of the MERCOSUR Secretariat. Lúcio Tomé Féteira PhD Researcher at the European University Institute, Florence. Marcílio Toscano Franca Filho Visiting Professor at the Faculty of International Relations of the State University of Paraíba (Brazil) and General Attorney of the Prosecution Office at the Audit Court of Paraiba (Brazil). Felix Fuders Professor and Researcher at the Universidad Austral de Chile. Hannes Hofmeister Research Fellow at the Innsbruck University, Austria. Diego Fraga Lerner LLM in Corporation Law, New York University; LLM in International Law, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; LLB, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Lucas Lixinski LLM in Human Rights with Specialisation in European and Global Legal Practice, Central European University, Hungary; LLB, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil; MAE-AECI Fellow (Spain), is PhD Researcher, European University Institute, Florence, and a Post-Graduate Fellow at the Bernard and Audre Rapoport Center for Human Rights and Justice at the University of Texas-Austin, United States of America. Philippe de Lombaerde Associate Director, UNU-CRIS, Bruges. Alessandra Correia Lima Macedo Franca PhD candidate in International Law, Geneva University; Master in Economic Law, UFPB, Brazil, is Assistant Professor in the Law Faculty at the Federal University of Paraíba, Brazil. Andrés Malamud Assistant Professor, Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon. Hugo Roberto Mansueti Professor at the National University of La Matanza in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Claudia Lima Marques LLM, University of Tübingen, Germany; Diploma in European Integration, Europa-Institut, University of Saarbrücken, Germany, is Professora Titular, Private International Law, Law School of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil; Doctor iuris utriusque, University of Heidelberg, Germany. Jamile Bergamaschine Mata Diz PhD in Communitarian Law at University of Alcalá, Madrid, is Legal Adviser of the Secretariat of MERCOSUR and Professor at the Federal University of Viçosa, Brazil. Frank Mattheis PhD Researcher, University of Leipzig. Martha Lucía Olivar Jimenez PhD in European Community Law, Université Robert Schuman, Strasbourg, is Adjunct Professor of Public International Law and Director of the Masters’ Programme in International Relations of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. María Belén Olmos Giupponi Junior Professor of International Law and European Union Law at University Rey Juan Carlos in Madrid. Samantha S Moura Ribeiro Master in Constitutional Law and State Theory and LLB,Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Río de Janeiro, PUC-Río (Brazil), is PhD Researcher, European University Institute, Florence. Nadine Susani Doctor in Law, Paris X; Research Fellow, UCL, Belgium; author of Le règlement des différends dans le Mercosur. Un système de droit international pour une organisation d’intégration (Paris, L’Harmattan, 2008). Carmen Tiburcio LLM and SJD University of Virginia School of Law, is Professor of Private International Law and International Litigation at the State University of Río de Janeiro; Lawyer at Luís Roberto Barroso & Associados. Félix Vacas Fernández International Law Professor, University Carlos III of Madrid. Charlotte Vanfraechem Junior Researcher, UNU-UNESCO Office, Paris.