Multinational corporations and patterns of local knowledge transfer in Costa Rican high-tech industries
Title: Multinational corporations and patterns of local knowledge transfer in Costa Rican high-tech industries
Author: GIULIANI, Elisa
Citation: Development and change, 2008, 39, 3, 385-408
Over recent decades, governments in industrializing countries have promoted policies to attract foreign investors, anticipating the benefits of technology transfer to host economies. During the 1990s, Costa Rica adopted an industrialization strategy based on attracting high-tech multinational companies (MNCs). Using an original survey of a sample of high-tech MNC subsidiaries, this article shows that the new wave of efficiency-seeking subsidiaries tend not to transfer knowledge to domestic firms even when they establish backward linkages with them. Instead, most of the knowledge transfer occurs between high-tech foreign subsidiaries. This has clear policy implications for host country governments.
Subject: Multinational enterprises; Knowledge transfer; Local communities; High technology; Industrialization; Subsidiary; Strategic planning; Host countries; Costa Rica
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