Of communities, gangs, historicity and the problem of Santa Claus
Title: Of communities, gangs, historicity and the problem of Santa Claus
Author: KRATOCHWIL, Friedrich
Citation: Journal of international relations and development, 2007, 10, 1, 57-78
In responding to the critics of my Tartu lecture, I firstly examine a little further the 'community' aspect of science as a practice, because I do not quite share Lebows's optimism that 'ethics' applied to the scientific enterprise are powerful enough to prevent its derailments. Secondly, I admit that a lack of an explicit historical dimension in my lectures noticed by Suganami was dictated more by circumstances than by an oversight or a denial of its importance. While Suganami believes that a sense of history, as well as some criticism of both international relations (IR) and history on the meta level, are sufficient for a new and fruitful beginning of IR analysis, I'm emphasizing the contribution which ordinary language philosophy could make to a new type of social analysis and, in particular, the theory of speech acts and of 'institutions' à la Searle. Thirdly, instead of putting up a straw man and knocking him down, as Wight has done in his misunderstanding of my position, I'm addressing the issue of 'scientific realism' and its alleged predominance in the philosophy of science, the question of ontology and epistemology and, finally, the issue of whether the claims that 'nature' directly speaks to us is of any help in explaining actions rather than events.
Subject: International relations theory; Community; Social organization; Historical analysis; Epistemology; Ontology; Conceptualization; Realism; Philosophical thought
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