National Equality Institutions and the Domestication of EU Non-Discrimination Law

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Show simple item record DE WITTE, Bruno 2011-09-06T13:40:59Z 2011-09-06T13:40:59Z 2011-01-01
dc.identifier.citation Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, 2011, 18, 1-2, 157-178 en
dc.identifier.issn 1023-263X
dc.description.abstract The recent evolution of European Union equality law, and the equality law of European countries more generally, is marked by the increased attention given to the procedural and institutional preconditions for the effective protection of equal treatment. The creation of public bodies, specifically tasked with the advancement of equality law and equality policies (equality institutions), is an important element of this evolution. Within Europe, they were first experimented with in the United Kingdom and then gradually adopted in a small number of other countries. In 2000 and subsequent years, though, the creation of equality institutions was imposed on all EU Member States by means of three anti-discrimination Directives. The concrete shape and scope of activity of those institutions is still very different from country to country, though. The development of new equality institutions in Europe was facilitated by other legal traditions and processes: the separate ombudsman tradition developed in Scandinavia but with a strong influence also in Southern Europe; the international movement towards the creation of national human rights institutions; and endogenous developments of EU law, such as its increased concern for the institutional dimension of the effective application of EU law, and its experimentation with new modes of governance. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject equality bodies en
dc.subject migration of legal ideas en
dc.subject legal convergence en
dc.subject enforcement of EU rights en
dc.subject new modes of governance en
dc.title National Equality Institutions and the Domestication of EU Non-Discrimination Law en
dc.type Article en
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