Beyond Bilateralism: Spanish-Italian relations and the influence of the major powers, 1943-1957
Title: Beyond Bilateralism: Spanish-Italian relations and the influence of the major powers, 1943-1957
Author: DEL HIERRO LECEA, Pablo
Series/Number: EUI PhD theses; Department of History and Civilization
The aim of this work is to study Spanish-Italian diplomatic relations in the period 1943-1957. However, and in spite of the fact that the question of Spanish-Italian diplomatic relations between 1943 and 1957 will remain at the heart of this research, this is not merely a history of bilateral relations. In fact, the present work contends that this bilateral relationship cannot be studied in isolation and that a broader context is key, in order to obtain a full understanding of it. In this way, this research will also focus on how these two countries responded to the challenges of the post-war period, and how they struggled to pursue a more independent foreign policy with respect to the major powers. Hence, it is clearly important to analyse the degree of influence which Great Britain first and the United States afterwards exerted both in Spain and Italy and over their relations. The role of France will also be scrutinised, although it will be under a different light, since France did not possess the material capabilities to display a hegemonic policy in Western Europe after 1943. However, the French role in Spanish- Italian relations cannot be ignored either, especially after 1950 when the diplomats at the ‘Quai D’Orsay’ began to intervene more actively in the affairs of the two neighbouring states. Therefore, this research will also address the question of how much room for manoeuvre the Spanish and the Italian Governments really had in the diplomatic field. By accomplishing these objectives, the present research will enrich the existing field of scholarship of both the Spanish and Italian foreign policies after the Second World War and, at the same time, it will contribute to obtaining a better understanding of international relations in Western Europe during the post-war period and, especially the role of the major powers.
Subject: Italy; Relations; Spain; History; 20th century; Spain; Italy; History; Italy; Foreign relations; Europe; History
Defence date: 16 June 2011; Examining Board: Prof. Kiran Klaus Patel (EUI) – Supervisor, Prof. Federico Romero (EUI), Prof. Fernando Guirao (University Pompeu Fabra), Prof. Andrew Rotter (Colgate University)
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