Transplant or Graft? Hroch and the Mexican patriotic movements
Title: Transplant or Graft? Hroch and the Mexican patriotic movements
Author: HOYO, Henio
Citation: Alexander MAXWELL (ed.), The Comparative Approach to National Movements: Miroslav Hroch and Nationalism Studies, New York, Routledge, 2011, Association for the Study of Nationalities, 25-43
In his highly influential work on the “small,” stateless European nations, Hroch seems to assume that patriotic movements have a homogeneous view about the core relations or “ties” that constitute and identify their nations. This assumption seems generally correct for the cases Hroch studies. However, is it if applied to the study of those patriotic movements developing in comparatively larger, heterogeneous and underdeveloped societies, comprising several ethnic groups bound together by the colonialist rule of an autocratic empire? I argue that, while the colonial experience can lead to the creation of some ties among the dominated populations, it also affects the way patriotic movements perceive their own nations. As a result, patriotic agitation (phase B) can involve diverse movements addressing the same nation, but each having a particular vision of the features and history of it. Such contested patriotic doctrines lead to important variations in the political agendas and goals of those movements, especially when becoming mass movements (phase C). The nineteenth century movements in New Spain/Mexico will be used as an example.
The book 'The Comparative Approach to National Movements' was published as a special issue of Nationalities Papers.
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