Which Democracies Prosper? Electoral rules, form of government and economic growth
Title: Which Democracies Prosper? Electoral rules, form of government and economic growth
Author: KNUTSEN, Carl Henrik
Citation: Electoral Studies, 2011, 30, 1, 83-90, Special Symposium on Electoral Democracy in the European Union
Series/Report no.: [EUDO Public Opinion Observatory]
Electoral rules and form of government have important economic effects, for example on taxation and public spending. However, there are no robust results in the literature when it comes to their effect on economic growth. This paper investigates whether electoral rules and form of government affects economic growth by applying panel data techniques on a very extensive dataset. There is no robust effect of presidentialism or parliamentarism on growth. However, there is very robust evidence for a positive, and quite substantial, effect of Proportional Representation (PR) electoral rules on economic growth. This is partly due to PR systems’ propensity to generate broad-interest policies, like universal education spending, property rights protection and free-trade, rather than special interest economic policies. Also semi-proportional systems seem to enhance growth relative to plural-majoritarian systems.
Table of Contents:
1. Introduction 2. Literature review and arguments 3. Data and methodological issues 4. Empirical analysis 5. Conclusion Acknowledgements Appendix. Supplementary data References
Publication based on research carried out in the framework of the European Union Democracy Observatory (EUDO) of the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute.; The journal issue has been produced in the framework of the PIREDEU Project, one of the projects carried out by the EUDO Public Opinion Observatory.
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