Party Governments: European and American experiences
Title: Party Governments: European and American experiences
Editor(s): KATZ, Richard S.
Publisher: W. de Gruyter
Citation: Berlin/New York, W. de Gruyter, 1987, European University Institute, Series C-Political and Social Sciences, 5.2, Future of Party Government
This is the second volume from the project on "The Future of Party Government." For a general introduction to the project, the reader should consult the introduction to the first volume. Volume II of the series, "European and American Experiences", is by its very nature closely connected to volume I, "Visions and Realities of Party Government." Whereas volume I raised general questions about party government, volume II deals with eight selected countries. Each chapter by itself may give an adequate analytic description of the country which is its empirical subject, but at the same time each is a part of a realistic analysis of the various forms of democratic party government. We have tried to describe these eight countries not like single pearls on a string but rather as important elements of a mosaic representing today's ruling formula of the organization of power in democracies. The chapters are at the same time "empirical" and "theoretical". Without volume I, this book could not have been written as it has been written; without volume II, present day realities of party government would have been treated only as an abstract conceptualization. Volume III, which is scheduled to appear shortly, will try to answer more explicitly the questions of whether and to what extent the institutional set-up of party government, in all its rich variety, influences policies. We know generally that "institutions" shape "behavior", that is, in our context, that they shape "policies" in general. However, it is necessary to be more specific and to illustrate this process with examples from important policy fields. We ask for the reader's tolerance that the problematic of party government is treated as a "palimpsest", that each of the succeeding volumes is based on, or connected with, its predecessors, but, at the same time, provides a further contribution to intensified insights. This mode of work, however, is based on a specific line of theoretical reasoning. The individualistic school of political science looks for a (single) "theory" (and we may be criticized for not delivering such a theory). It very often tries to explain macro phenomena with individualistic theories, falling into the trap of the individualistic fallacy and reduction. However, we believe that the existing organization of power, namely party government, can never be explained by just one individualistically based theory, but that different theoretical and methodological approaches coordinated into a conceptualization are necessary to understanding the problematic. It is also wise to remember that "the art of governing" is an art at least as much as it is a science.
Table of Contents:
--Preface V --Chapter I: RICHARD S. K./Party Government and Its Alternatives 1 --Chapter II: KARLHEINZ REIF/Party Government in the Fifth French Republic 27 --Chapter III: RUDOLF WILDENMANN/The Party Government of the Federal Republic of Germany: Form and Experience 78 --Chapter IV: HERBERT DORING/Party Government in Britain — Recent Conspicuous Constraints 118 --Chapter V: GUNNAR SJOBLOM/The Role of Political Parties in Denmark and Sweden, 1970-1984 155 --Chapter VI: GIANFRANCO PASQUINO/Party Government in Italy: Achievements and Prospects 202 --Chapter VII: FRANZ LEHNER and BENNO HOMANN/Consociational Decision-Making and Party Government in Switzerland 243 --Chapter VIII: MORRIS P. FIORINA/Party Government in the United States — Diagnosis and Prognosis 270 --Name Index 301 --Subject Index 307
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