The Nationalization of Politics: The formation of national electorates and party systems in Western Europe
Title: The Nationalization of Politics: The formation of national electorates and party systems in Western Europe
Author: CARAMANI, Daniele
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Citation: Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2004
In an in-depth comparative and long-term analysis Daniele Caramani studies the macro-historical process of the nationalization of politics. Using a great wealth of new and unexplored data on single constituencies in seventeen West European countries, he reconstructs the territorial structures of electoral support for political parties, as well as their evolution since the mid-nineteenth century from highly fragmented politics in the early stages toward nation-wide alignments. Caramani provides a multi-pronged empirical analysis through time, across countries, and between party families. The inclusion in the analysis of all the most important social and political cleavages - class, state-church, rural-urban, ethno-linguistic and religious - allows him to assess the nationalizing impact of the class cleavage that emerged from national and industrial revolutions, and the resistance of preindustrial cultural factors to national integration. Institutional and socio-economic factors are combined with actor-centered patterns and differences between national types of territorial configurations of the vote.
Table of Contents:
--INTRODUCTION: HOMOGENEITY AND DIVERSITY IN EUROPE 1 --Part I Framework --1. THE STRUCTURING OF POLITICAL SPACE 15 --2. DATA, INDICES, METHOD 44 --Part II Evidence --3. TIME AND SPACE: EVIDENCE FROM THE HISTORICAL COMPARISON 73 --4. TYPES OF TERRITORIAL CONFIGURATIONS: NATIONAL VARIATIONS 111 --5. THE COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CLEAVAGES AND PARTY FAMILIES 154 --Part III Toward an Explanation --6. THE DYNAMIC PERSPECTIVE: STATE FORMATION AND MASS DEMOCRATIZATION 195 --7. THE COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE: NATION-BUILDING AND CULTURAL HETEROGENEITY
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