Civil Society, Institutional Change and the Politics of Reform: The great transition
Title: Civil Society, Institutional Change and the Politics of Reform: The great transition
Citation: Gérard ROLAND (ed.), Economies in Transition: The long-run view, Basingstoke, PalgraveMacmillan, 2012, Studies in Development Economics and Policy, 194-221
This chapter examines the relationship between differences in civil society development under communism and the political, economic and institutional change and transformation after 1989. We collected a unique dataset on nature and intensity of dissident activities in 27 former communist countries during the years immediately preceding the collapse of communism. We use the resulting data to explain the subsequent political, economic and institutional developments in the postcommunist countries. Both extent of political opposition and severity of government reaction help explain the choice of political regime after 1989, the concentration of power government and the nature and pace of economic reforms.
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