Cross-National Sources of Regulatory Policymaking in Europe and the United States
Title: Cross-National Sources of Regulatory Policymaking in Europe and the United States
Author: MAJONE, Giandomenico
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Citation: Journal of Public Policy, 1991, 11, 1, 79-106
ISSN: 1469-7815; 0143-814X
Because events occur too fast and ideas mature too slowly for responses to be designed anew for each pressing problem, policy innovation often relies on pre-existing models, foreign or domestic. This seems to be especially true for regulatory policymaking, since public regulation is typically introduced in conditions of crisis. In this paper we examine several cases of policy innovation in the area of economic and social regulation where the influence of foreign models is quite clear: the development of competition policy in Europe in the 1950s, the growth of European Community regulation, and the impact of the American deregulation movement on the telecommunications policies of different European countries. The analysis shows that while utilization of preexisting models is a common feature of policy innovation, such models are not literally translated into current policy. More or less extensive adaptations to a particular political, institutional and economic context are usually required. We also identify two distinct ways – push or pull – in which foreign models can affect domestic policy.
Based on EUI SPS Working Paper 1990/06.
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