State Responsibility for Conduct of Private Military Companies Violating Ius ad Bellum
Title: State Responsibility for Conduct of Private Military Companies Violating Ius ad Bellum
Citation: Francesco FRANCIONI and Natalino RONZITTI (eds), War by Contract: Human Rights, Humanitarian Law and Private Contractors, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011, 396-420
External link: http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604555.001.0001/acprof-9780199604555-chapter-21
This chapter discusses the circumstances under which states can be held accountable for a breach of the ius ad bellum, when the acts in question were performed by a private military and security company (PMSC). The definition of the ius ad bellum itself is reconsidered as a corpus of norms, including a prohibition of the use of force but also encompassing obligations to prevent this use of force by private actors such as PMSCs. This lato sensu definition may lead to a recognition of state responsibility irrespective of whether or not the acts of private contractors are attributable to the state. It is argued that when a state cannot be held accountable for the violation of ius ad bellum stricto sensu by a PMSC, as a next step in determining state responsibility, respect of the due diligence principle needs to be examined. Moreover, states may have a duty to harmonise their national legal systems in order to prevent ius ad bellum violations by private actors.
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