Towards an Institutionalized Language Policy for the French Basque Country? Actors, processes and outcomes
Title: Towards an Institutionalized Language Policy for the French Basque Country? Actors, processes and outcomes
Citation: European Urban and Regional Studies, 2012, 19, 4, 434-447
This paper focuses on the progressive institutionalization of the Basque language policy (also called Euskera) in the French Basque Country (Iparralde) since the Second World War. In view of this, it questions how such a policy programme emerged in such a centralized country as France. According to this study, this policy shift was favoured not only by a combination of endogenous factors (for example, the new French territorial polity, the new institutional capacities reached after decentralization, the new relationship with central state services, the establishment of stable territorial coalitions between civil society and local representatives, the new and more peaceful repertoire of collective actions among activists) but also by exogenous variables (for example, the rise of cross-border relations between French and Spanish Basque actors). In sum, the strong political institutions and social movements of the southern Basque Country partially compensated for the institutional weakness of French Basque actors and contributed, along with endogenous factors, to the institutionalization of a specific language policy for Euskera.
Version of Record - Oct 11, 2012. Earlier version first published online 13 December 2011.
Type of Access: openAccess