Ascriptive Inequality and Life Chances in Georgia
Title: Ascriptive Inequality and Life Chances in Georgia
Author: GUGUSHVILI, Alexi
Series/Number: Center for Social Sciences, Applied Social Research Programme; September 2012
External link: http://css.ge/index.php?lang_id=ENG&sec_id=48&info_id=211
Using data from the Generations and Gender Survey for the cohorts born from 1926 to 1985 in Georgia, and the linear probability models of higher educational and ISCO 1-2 occupational attainment, I find the large ascriptive inequalities of life chances, which especially intensified for those born in 1976-85. Having parents with the lower socio-economic status, living in a family with the higher number of siblings, particularly brothers, residing in deprived regions at age 15, and selecting the nonprestigious fields of studies induced by social origin, negatively and significantly associate with life prospects. Although tertiary education serves mainly as the mediator of ascriptive factors, the latter also exert a direct effect on the occupational attainment. One of the reasons why the inequalities in life chances have increased in recent decades is the growing gap between educational expansion and occupational upgrade and the resultant inflation of credentials.
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