Cleavages, social and political
Title: Cleavages, social and political
Author: BARTOLINI, Stefano
Citation: Bertrand BADIE, Dirk BERG-SCHLOSSER and Leonardo MORLINO (eds), International encyclopedia of political science, Thousand Oaks : SAGE Publications, 2011, pp. 276-282
ISBN: 9781412959636; 9781412994163
The term cleavage identifies social and political divisions characterized by a close connection between individuals' positioning in the social stratification system, their beliefs and normative orientations, and their behavioral patterns. This close connection contributes to the resilience and stability of cleavages over time. In this entry, the constitutive elements of this concept are discussed and brought into a coherent overall framework that helps illuminate the political relevance of such cleavages.
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