Fundamental Rights and the European Union : how does and how should the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights relate to the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights?
Title: Fundamental Rights and the European Union : how does and how should the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights relate to the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights?
Author: TOGGENBURG, Gabriel N.
Series/Number: EUI LAW; 2013/13
This paper looks at the mandate of the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA), established in 2007, from the perspective of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, which entered into force in 2009. It explores the relationship between FRA and the Charter by looking at the agency’s institutional practice, its founding regulation and its Multiannual Framework, on which the Council of the European Union agrees every five years. The Florence-based European University Institute (EUI) proposed some 15 years ago an European Union (EU) human rights agenda for the new millennium. Many of the agenda’s policy proposals have materialised ever since, including the establishment of a ‘European Human Rights Monitoring Agency’. The Charter was not part of this set of proposals. However, this prominent bill of rights and the new Agency in Vienna are obviously closely related to each other. The author concludes that the agency, despite certain limitations in its mandate, is a ‘full-Charter-body’ which could unfold its potential better following a revision of its founding regulation. Such a revision should reflect that the EU Charter for Fundamental Rights has entered into force in the meantime. The author identifies two additional key elements for the need of revision: FRA’s mandate should include the possibility for the agency to deliver opinions on proposed EU legislation on its own motion, and the agency should autonomously adopt its multiannual priorities.
Subject: European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA); Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union; Multiannual framework; Founding regulation; Human rights; Fundamental rights; Agenda for Human rights
Type of Access: openAccess; openAccess
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