Does child care availability play a role in maternal employment and children's development? Evidence from Italy
Title: Does child care availability play a role in maternal employment and children's development? Evidence from Italy
Series/Number: CHILD Working Papers; 2013/13
External link: http://www.carloalberto.org/child-collegiocarloalberto/working-papers/
This paper investigates the effects of public child care availability in Italy in mothers' working status and children's scholastic achievements. We use a newly available dataset containing individual standardized test scores of pupils attending the second grade of primary school in 2009-10 in conjunction with data on public child care availability. Our estimates indicate a positive and significant effects of child care availability on both mothers' working status and children's Language test scores. We find that a percentage change in public child care coverage increases mothers' probability to work by 1.3 percentage points and children's Language test scores by 0.85 percent of one standard deviation; we do not find any effect on Math test scores. Moreover, the impact of a percentage change in public child care on mothers' employment and children's Language test scores is greater in provinces where child care availability is more limited.
Subject: Child care; Female employment; Child cognitive outcomes; Test scores; J13; I2; H75
This version: 19 September 2013.
Type of Access: openAccess
Published version: http://hdl.handle.net/1814/28839
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