Génova y el Atlántico (c.1650-1680) : emprendedores mediterráneos frente al auge del capitalismo del norte
Title: Génova y el Atlántico (c.1650-1680) : emprendedores mediterráneos frente al auge del capitalismo del norte
Author: GARCÍA-MONTÓN, Alejandro
Citation: Florence : European University Institute, 2014
Series/Number: EUI PhD theses; Department of History and Civilization
While historiography has analyzed the economic rise of northwestern Europe during Seventeenth century, less effort has been devoted to tackle the relative decline of the Mediterranean. Which factors contributed to eclipse the preeminence of south-European merchant-banking networks? How did they react to that shift? This thesis aims at filling that gap by elaborating on the case-study of the Genoese company of Domenico Grillo, offering insight into those questions. The main argument is that the Genoese not only faced increasing competition for the control of exchange circuits but also the reconfiguration of the institutional arrangements that had sustained their previous role as leaders of European financial markets. Challenging the traditional view of decay, this study reveals an astonishing dynamism of Genoese and Italian merchant-bankers in commercial circuits across and within different states and empires, and suggests that these networks adapted rather than collapsed. Furthermore, it shows something perhaps unexpected: the Genoese response went beyond the Mediterranean and encompassed the Atlantic as well. The thesis starts discussing how the Genoese case has been traditionally approached, to then examine the role of those networks in European circuits of exchange. Next, a deep investigation is carried out into the institutional devices supporting Grillo’s business in the Americas, exploring how he collaborated and competed with other actors. The study continues analyzing the trading chains he established across the Mediterranean, Atlantic Europe and the Americas. Finally it focuses on the many times neglected role displayed by the Republic of Genoa in framing the performance of Genoese networks abroad. Using a transnational approach, sources are interrogated in dialogue with the flourishing literature about merchant networks and institutions. Thus, this investigation goes beyond traditional images about the "Genoese capitalism" and revisits one of the axioms underpinning dominant metanarratives about the rise of the so-called "Western civilization".
LC Subject Heading: Genoa (Italy) -- Commerce -- History -- 17th century; Genoa (Italy) -- History, Naval -- 17th century; Banks and banking -- Italy -- Genoa -- History -- 17th century; Genoa (Italy) -- Economic conditions -- 17th century
Defence date: 18 June 2014; Examining Board: Professor Bartolomé Yun-Casalilla, EUI-Universidad Pablo de Olavide (Director) Professor Regina Grafe, EUI Professor Cátia Antunes, Leiden University Professor Maria Fusaro, Exeter University.
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