The demographic and economic framework of migration in Kuwait
Title: The demographic and economic framework of migration in Kuwait
Author: DE BEL-AIR, Françoise
Series/Number: GLMM; Explanatory note; 1/2013; Migration Policy Centre
As of December 2012, 68 percent of residents in Kuwait were expatriates. Most come from Asia and especially from India (30 percent of all foreign residents). Three-quarters of expatriates are active. They account for 83 percent of the total active population and 93 percent of the private sector's workforce. Asians are mainly involved in the services and craft sectors, while Arabs more often fill managerial posts. Recent flows suggest a shift in recruitment policies towards upgrading the workforce's level of qualifications and occupations. Data also show the extent of forced migration from Kuwait: 400,000 Arabs, most of them of Palestinian origin, were forced to flee the country after the First Gulf War. Also, Kuwait's stateless residents (the Bidun) have been compelled to emigrate since 1985, while those still in the country are considered illegal residents.
Subject: Foreign population; Kuwait; Labour; Migration; National population; Policy; Statelessness; Statistics
GLMM - Gulf Labour Markets and Migration
Type of Access: openAccess