Representation deficits and surpluses in EU policy-making
Title: Representation deficits and surpluses in EU policy-making
Citation: Journal of European integration, 2013, Vol. 35, No. 5, pp. 477-497
ISSN: 1477-2280; 0703-6337
Representation and democracy are not always complementary. Sometimes the one undermines the other. Too much democracy can create a representation deficit, as occurs when majorities oppress or neglect minorities. However, the opposite can also arise. The over representation of different groups can undermine the processes whereby representatives are authorised by and accountable to those they are supposed to serve. The EU offers multiple channels of representation. In some respects, this multiplicity reflects the diversity of the peoples, individuals and interests represented within the EU. Yet in overcoming a potential representation deficit in EU policy-making, this arrangement leads to a representation surplus and creates a democratic deficit.
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