Organizing international armaments cooperation : institutional design and path dependencies in Europe
Title: Organizing international armaments cooperation : institutional design and path dependencies in Europe
Author: DEVORE, Marc
Citation: European security, 2012, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 432-458
Few issues are more important to scholars of Europe's emergence as a foreign policy actor than whether the European Union (EU) can forge a common defense-industrial policy out of 27 states' procurement policies and defense industries. Overlooked in most scholarly analyses of European defense-industrial cooperation, the story of Europe's international armaments organizations stretches back more than six decades. In this article, we examine the impact of past institutional outcomes on the defense-industrial field by applying the concepts and analytic tools of historic institutionalism to European armaments organizations. Because past institutional dynamics have channeled the subsequent development of armaments cooperation, what has emerged is a polycentric governance architecture wherein organizations with transatlantic, pan-European and restrictive-European memberships dominate distinct components of the cooperative process. We demonstrate that this maturing institutional pattern will likely limit the opportunities for the EU - and especially its Commission - to shape the future contours of European defense-industrial cooperation.
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