The gender gap in same-gender voting : the role of context
Title: The gender gap in same-gender voting : the role of context
Citation: Electoral studies, 2014, Vol. 35, pp. 303-314
ISSN: 0261-3794; 1873-6890
If parties nominate both male and female candidates, open-list PR electoral rules enable voters to engage in same-gender voting (i.e. select candidate of the same gender). In this regard, there is a gender gap in Finland, an otherwise highly egalitarian country: over time, men tend to support mostly male candidates, while women are roughly equally divided between male and female candidates. This study investigates whether voters' likelihood of selecting a candidate of the same gender is affected by contextual factors. Based on pooled cross-sectional data from five Finnish parliamentary elections between 1979 and 2011, it shows that gender differences in same-gender voting are substantially reduced when district magnitude and gender ratios among candidates and elected deputies are taken into account.
Subject: Open-list PR; Same-gender voting; District magnitude; Gender ratios; Women candidates; female candidates; electoral systems; national legislatures; district magnitudes; representation; election; stereotypes; voters; politics
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