Reassessing South European pensions after the crisis : evidence from two decades of reforms
Title: Reassessing South European pensions after the crisis : evidence from two decades of reforms
Publisher: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd
Citation: South European society and politics, 2014, Vol. 19, No. 3 SI, pp. 309-330
ISSN: 1360-8746; 1743-9612
The article studies pension reforms in Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain between 1990 and 2013, focusing on three dimensions of change: multi-pillarisation, institutional harmonisation, and spending trends (cost-containment/expansion). The pension evolution of these countries is reassessed throughout the period of crisis and austerity. All countries encouraged the spread of private pensions and harmonised their fragmented public schemes. Cost containment was massive, putting future adequacy at risk. While international actors, especially the European Union, acquired a stronger role, that of organised labour declined. Spiralling between crisis and austerity, these systems changed and adapted, but still face old and new problems: inequality, risk individualisation, and increasing vulnerability to external shocks.
Subject: Pensions; South European Welfare; Policy Change; Austerity; Greece; Italy; Portugal; Spain
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