The achievement of female suffrage in Europe : on women's citizenship
Title: The achievement of female suffrage in Europe : on women's citizenship
Author: RUBIO MARIN, Ruth
Publisher: Oxford Univ Press
Citation: I-CON: International journal of constitutional law, 2014, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 4-34
ISSN: 1474-2640; 1474-2659
This article lays out the theoretical framing underlying the gendered construction of citizenship in Western political thought during the transition to modernity; describes the relevant actors in the fight for female suffrage and the impact that the separate spheres of ideology had on both the narratives supporting and resisting female suffrage, and on the selective and piecemeal way in which suffrage was eventually won by women in European countries. Furthermore, it identifies the main factors accounting for women's earlier or later achievement of suffrage in different European nations and, exploring the connection between women's access to voting rights and to civil and social rights, it retells a story of women's citizenship which is an inverted image of that developed by T. H. Marshall on the basis of the male paradigm. It finally brings us to the present to discuss the persistent political under-representation of women in Europe, as well as a growing awareness about the need to ensure women's full citizenship through measures that seek the incorporation of women in male spheres of power and the disestablishment of the sexual contract, something which the historical conquest of suffrage could not achieve by itself.
Subject: Social rights; parity; gender; democracy; equality; states
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