Morphing the Demos into the right shape : normative principles for enfranchising resident aliens and expatriate citizens
Title: Morphing the Demos into the right shape : normative principles for enfranchising resident aliens and expatriate citizens
Author: BAUBÖCK, Rainer
Citation: Democratization, 2015, Vol. 22, No. 5, pp. 820-839
In this article I criticize, first, democratic inclusion principles that are indeterminate with regard to democratic boundaries and indifferent towards the structural features of polities. I suggest that a democratic stakeholder principle passes these critical tests and can be applied to democratic polities of different kinds. Second, I compare birthright-based and residence-based membership regimes at state and local levels and consider how they can accommodate international migrants. Third, I argue that these two regimes are not freestanding alternatives between which democratic polities have to choose, but are combined in a multilevel architecture of democratic citizenship, in which the inclusion and exclusion dynamics of birthright and residence mutually constrain each other and every individual is included as a citizen in both types of polities.
Published online: 11 Feb 2015
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