Russification and educational policies in the Middle Volga Region (1860-1914)
Title: Russification and educational policies in the Middle Volga Region (1860-1914)
Author: ZEMTSOVA, Oxana
Citation: Florence : European University Institute, 2014
Series/Number: EUI PhD theses; Department of History and Civilization
The dissertation investigates the Russification policy of the late-imperial Russian state, as it related to educational policy in the Middle Volga region. It seeks to understand how the tsarist authorities sought to define Russianness and how they sought to craft relations with pagan minorities and Muslims in a region where the Slavic-Orthodox, the Turkic-Islamic and the Finno-pagan worlds interacted. It asks how far the educational projects of the Orthodox missions and the secular authorities brought about Russification. The analysis of the changes in imperial policy in the period between the 1860s to 1914 allows for the conclusion that the methods, instruments and aims of Russification policy continually changed and that policy was applied quite differently vis-à-vis the Muslim and pagan, or in most cases only superficially Orthodox , population of the region. When dealing with the educational project for the non-Muslim population in the region, also known as the project of N.Ilminskii, the dissertation aims to understand how the russifying and missionary components related to each other. Furthermore, it studies the alternative educational projects aiming at Russification of the non-Russian population of the region that the Ilminskii system had to compete with. A considerable amount of the dissertation is devoted the discussion of the Muslim reform movement and emergence of Jadidism. By analyzing and comparing the curricula of old-method madrasahs and the new-methods ones, the dissertation demonstrates the evolution that the Middle Volga Muslims underwent under the influence of both inner reforms and the actions of the authorities.
LC Subject Heading: Russification -- Volga River Region (Russia); Volga River Region (Russia) -- History -- 19th century; Volga River Region (Russia) -- History -- 20th century; Volga River Region (Russia) -- Politics and government -- 19th century; Volga River Region (Russia) -- Politics and government -- 20th century
Defence date: 13 January 2014; Examining Board: Professor Stephen Anthony Smith, University of Oxford /EUI (Supervisor); Professor Alexander Etkind, EUI Professor; Alexei Miller, CEU Budapest; Professor Boris Kolonitskii, European University in St. Petersburg.; First made available online on 26 February 2015.
Type of Access: openAccess