Public-private cooperation in transnational regulation
Title: Public-private cooperation in transnational regulation
Author: SCHMIDT, Rebecca
Citation: Florence : European University Institute, 2015
Series/Number: EUI PhD theses; Department of Law
This thesis examines the emergence of transnational regulatory cooperation between public and private actors. It inquires why a private regulator and an international organisation may enter into a cooperation agreement in order to regulate particular issues, and what this tells us about the relationship between ‘expertise,’ ‘authority’ and ‘legitimacy’ in particular domains of global governance. The argument put forward in the thesis is that different types of regulators cooperate because, in an unsettled global space with no hierarchical framework, it is necessary for them to acquire sufficient authority to secure compliance with their regulatory agenda. In order to acquire and maintain such authority, regulators must be perceived as legitimate and their regulation as effective. Cooperation can open venues for participation and deliberation and for the exchange of necessary competences (particularly expertise); and thus ultimately can help regulators establish and strengthen their authority. Another important finding of this research is that cooperation can develop into more long-lasting network structures. These networks are often of a multi-level nature. As such, they traverse local, national, and international spaces. The thesis then develops the idea of ‘networks of constitutionalization’ to describe the observation that bilateral arrangements as examined here generate ordering effects which extend beyond the two parties. Consequently they become the basis for norm creation and adoption for different types of actors located in the networks formed around the issue area. Thus, even in pluralistic structures, eventually a certain kind of constitutionalization can emerge putting into question sharp divisions between ‘pluralist’ and ‘constitutionalist’ interpretations of a developing global (legal) order. This work also encompasses two case studies: the ISO 26000 process, whereby the ‘private’ technical standard setter ISO concluded separate cooperation agreements with the ILO, the OECD and the UN Global Compact; and a case study on ‘Sport and Environment’ that focuses on the long-standing cooperation between the IOC and the UN Environmental Programme.
Defence date: 5 March 2015; Examining Board: Prof. Nehal Bhuta, European University Institute, Supervisor; Prof. Hans-Wolfgang Micklitz, European University Institute; Prof. Nico Krisch, The Graduate Institute Geneva; Prof. Neil Walker, University of Edinburgh.
Type of Access: embargoedAccess