Beyond the 'imperial mystique' : empire and national identity in the Portuguese Estado Novo (c. 1930-1951)
Title: Beyond the 'imperial mystique' : empire and national identity in the Portuguese Estado Novo (c. 1930-1951)
Author: GONÇALVES, Márcia
Citation: Florence : European University Institute, 2015
Series/Number: EUI PhD theses; Department of History and Civilization
Whilst being a period of consolidation for the Portuguese right-wing dictatorship known as Estado Novo, the 1930s and 1940s were marked by geopolitical change and major redefinition of mental maps about colonial order. This dissertation explores the intertwined dynamics between imperial and national identity discourses in Portugal during these turbulent decades, departing from the idea that they were mutually constitutive in metropolitan culture and were negotiated on an everyday basis to adjust to different challenges. In order to contest the idea that the Portuguese 1930s and 1940s were marked by a monolithic imperial-based nationalism stemming from the state apparatuses, this study moves beyond the investigation of major nationalist events and colonial propaganda. Instead, it explores the interplay between Nation and Empire through the lens of the contemporary debates about the Empire and Portuguese colonial status in the world that stood out in the public discussion during this period. Therefore, it looks at representations of Portugueseness and Portuguese colonialism’s exceptionalism in five main themes: 1) the question of native forced labour in the Portuguese empire around the 1930 Forced labour convention, 2) European colonial claims for a new partition of Africa on the eve of the Second World War, 3) Portugal and its empire as a united nation, 4) colonial migration and settlement and 5) the specificity of the Portuguese national character and its impact on the national methods of colonisation.
LC Subject Heading: Portugal -- History -- 1910-1974; Nationalism -- Portugal -- History -- 20th century; Nationalism -- Portugal -- History -- 20th century; Portugal -- Colonies -- History -- 20th century; Portugal -- Politics and government -- 1910-1974
Defence date: 31 March 2015; Examining Board: Professor Sebastian Conrad, EUI – Free University, Berlin (Supervisor); Dr. Miguel Bandeira Jerónimo, ICS – University of Lisbon (External Supervisor); Professor Francisco Bethencourt, King’s College, London; Professor Lucy Riall, EUI.
Type of Access: embargoedAccess