Laughing matters : mainstream political cartoons under the military regime of the early 1980s in Turkey
Title: Laughing matters : mainstream political cartoons under the military regime of the early 1980s in Turkey
Author: MARCELLA, Valentina
Citation: Florence : European University Institute, 2015
Series/Number: EUI PhD theses; Department of History and Civilization
This thesis focuses on the production of political cartoons in Turkey in the context of authoritarianism and repression that was brought about by the coup d’état of September 12 1980, and by the military rule that followed. It builds on theories of political satire as an active element of political culture. Political cartoons serve as the lens through which the evolution of the political space under the regime is explored. The analysis revolves around Girgir (Tease), the satirical magazine that in the decade prior to the coup had already contributed to the emergence of a socially and politically critical field with its politically engaged columns and illustrations and that, during the regime, became the best-selling weekly at a national level. Two main issues are investigated. On the one hand, how Girgir’s satire survived under a regime that, in its attempt to turn citizens into a homogeneous, uniform, and apolitical society, came to repress any possibility of criticism. On the other hand, how an alternative political response was elaborated through the cartoons by civil society and intellectuals in reaction to authoritarianism. Overall, the thesis contributes to the study of the military regime of the early 1980s, of satire in Turkey, of censorship, and of the strategies of dissent in authoritarian regimes.
Defence date: 15 December 2015; Examining Board: Prof. Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, European University Institute/Universität Bielefeld (EUI Supervisor); Prof. Hamit Bozarslan, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (External Supervisor); Prof. Youssef Cassis, European University Institute; Prof. Rosita D’Amora, Università del Salento.
Type of Access: embargoedAccess