Gender inequalities at labor market entry : a comparative view from eduLIFE project
Title: Gender inequalities at labor market entry : a comparative view from eduLIFE project
Citation: Christian IMDORF, Kristinn HEGNA, Liza REISEL (eds), Gender segregation in vocational education : institutional and individual perspectives, Bingley : Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, Comparative Social Research ; 31, pp. 25-51
ISBN: 9781785603471; 9781785603464
This chapter provides an overview of the results from a cross-nationally comparative project analysing gender differences and inequalities at labour market entry. Women’s relative gains in educational attainment and the expansion of the service sector suggest that gender inequalities in occupational returns are diminishing or even reversing. In assessing gender differences at labour market entry, we look at a phase of the life course when women’s family roles are still of minor importance. Conceptually, we distinguish between horizontal segregation and inequalities in vertical outcomes. The project was based on 13 in-depth case studies contributed by a network of scholars analysing countries with different institutional, socio-economic and cultural settings. The findings demonstrate that occupational gender segregation is still relatively marked among recent cohorts, though it is slightly decreasing over time in several countries. In terms of vertical inequalities, the case studies consistently revealed that while women enter more prestigious jobs than men in most countries, there is a female disadvantage in economic returns among recent labour market entrants. In addition, we found mixed evidence on the variations of gender equality at labour market entry across countries with different institutional characteristics.
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