Guarded or guardless? : the role of political knowledge in spotting manipulation in news about international affairs and resisting its persuasive effects
Title: Guarded or guardless? : the role of political knowledge in spotting manipulation in news about international affairs and resisting its persuasive effects
Citation: Boguslawa DOBEK-OSTROWSKA and Michal GLOWACKI (eds), Democracy and media in Central and Eastern Europe 25 years on, Frankfurt am Main ; Bern ; Bruxelles ; New York ; Oxford ; Warszawa ; Wien : Peter Lang, 2015, Studies in communication and politics ; Vol. 4, pp. 137-157
ISBN: 9783631654088; 9783653044522
This experiment explored relationships between individuals’ levels of political knowledge and ability to spot manipulated media information about international affairs as well as susceptibility to influence by such information. The context of the study was the Orange Revolution in Ukraine in 2004. A convenience sample of 146 students at a large American university was randomly assigned to read one of three simulated New York Times news reports, experimentally manipulated to favor either the Ukrainian government, the opposition, or a balance of political views. Analysis revealed few significant relationships between level of political knowledge and spotting manipulation in news reports. Instead, trust in the New York Times explained a majority of the variance. Also, political knowledge wasn’t associated with susceptibility to manipulation. Interestingly, a majority of participants who spotted manipulation nevertheless accepted standpoints the manipulated articles promoted.
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