Building terror while fighting enemies : how the global war on terror deepened the crisis in Somalia
Title: Building terror while fighting enemies : how the global war on terror deepened the crisis in Somalia
Author: MALITO, Debora Valentina
Citation: Third world quarterly, 2015, Vol. 36, No. 10, pp. 1866-1886
Series/Number: [Global Governance Programme]; [European, Transnational and Global Governance]
ISSN: 0143-6597; 1360-2241
Somalia has become a front in the US Global War on Terror (GWoT) because of the potential connection between terrorism and state fragility. While originally oriented towards ‘building states while fighting terror’, Enduring Freedom in Somalia obtained quite the opposite result of deepening the existing conflict. Why and how did the GWoT result in the controversial outcome of ‘building terror while fighting enemies’? This article argues that the GWoT sponsored in Somalia an isolationist strategy that encouraged the political polarisation and military radicalisation of the insurgency. To explore this argument, the article first analyses the structure of the intervention by focusing on the interests and strategies of the interveners. Then it evaluates the conditions under which the modality of intervention (through the use of diplomatic, economic and coercive measures) violated the conditions essential to resolving conflict.
Published online: 21 Sep 2015
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