Political parties, responsiveness, and responsibility in multi-level democracy : the challenge of horizontal euroscepticism
Title: Political parties, responsiveness, and responsibility in multi-level democracy : the challenge of horizontal euroscepticism
Author: BARDI, Luciano
Citation: European political science, 2014, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 352-364
ISSN: 1680-4333; 1682-0983
This article addresses and observes the crisis of Western democracy through the lens of the weakness of parties and party government, especially at the European Union (EU) level. Social stratification changes, global trends and ultimately the sustained economic crisis have placed political parties at the national and the EU level under enormous strain. Moreover, demands posed by the crisis on national governments by the EU have generated conflicting interests of different member states. The resulting development of Horizontal Euroscepticism has made intergovernmental decision making, which has represented the backbone of the EU legitimacy up to now, extremely problematic and has posed the need for rethinking democracy in multi-level Europe, ultimately by strengthening supranational democracy through the creation of a form of party government at the EU level as well.
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