Inequality of educational opportunity in Italy : how fair is the '3+2' reform?
Title: Inequality of educational opportunity in Italy : how fair is the '3+2' reform?
Citation: Giornale degli economisti e annali di economia : nuova serie, 2011, Vol. 70, No. 1, pp. 65-95
External link: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23248247
In this paper we propose a definition of fairness in education which is based on the theory of equality of opportunity developed in the last decades in the philosophical and economic literature (Roemer,1998; Fleurbaey, 2008), we derive opportunity inequality measures based on such conceptual framework, and we use these measures to evaluate the 1999 reform of the Italian university system (the so called “3+2" reform). Looking at 1995-2004 college graduates data our estimates show an improvement in the equality of opportunity in the access to university. However, the aggregated data available for the 2005-2008 suggest that such a positive effect may vanish in the medium run.
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