A new order for France and Europe? : Bertrand de Jouvenel and Alfred Fabre-Luce between liberalism, fascism and europeanism (1930-1954)
Title: A new order for France and Europe? : Bertrand de Jouvenel and Alfred Fabre-Luce between liberalism, fascism and europeanism (1930-1954)
Author: KNEGT, Floris Daniël
Citation: Florence : European University Institute, 2015
Series/Number: EUI PhD theses; Department of History and Civilization
Thanks to the success of recent attempts to study fascism within an international or transnational framework, scholarship on the subject has broken free from its traditional national orientation. By now, the European or even global interconnectedness of the revolutionary right has clearly come to light. This is not necessarily true for the links between fascism and internationalist and Europeanist intellectual currents in interwar and post-war Europe. My thesis explores the political thought of Bertrand de Jouvenel and Alfred Fabre-Luce, two French intellectuals, journalists and political writers who are representative of this Europeanist avant-garde. I argue that their Europeanist ideas and international contacts played a major role in their 'drift' towards fascism during the 1930s, while they were seduced by a fascist vision of a united Europe during the Second World War. Paradoxically, these ideas also enabled them to gradually reintegrate with the political mainstream during the early post-war years. Jouvenel's post-war career as a leading neoliberal intellectual and founding member of the Mont Pèlerin society should, just like Fabre-Luce's continued involvement with the French extreme right, be seen within the light of continuity in their ideas about Europe, fascism and democracy, stretching from the turning of the 1930s well into the 1950s.
LC Subject Heading: Fascism -- France -- History -- 20th century; Paris (France) -- Politics and government -- 20th century; Jouvenel, Bertrand de, 1903-1987; Fabre-Luce, Alfred, 1899-1983
Defence date: 13 November 2015; Examining Board: Professor Dr. Dirk Moses (EUI/ Supervisor); Professor Doctor Laura Lee Downs (EUI/Second Reader); Professor Doctor Peter Romijn (University of Amsterdam); Professor Doctor Kevin Passmore (Cardiff University).
Type of Access: embargoedAccess