Education, occupation and social origin : a comparative analysis of the transmission of socio-economic inequalities
Title: Education, occupation and social origin : a comparative analysis of the transmission of socio-economic inequalities
ISBN: 9781785360442; 9781785360459
Questioning the assumption that education is the 'great social equalizer', this book takes a comparative approach to the social origin–education–destination triangle by examining advantage in 14 different countries, including case studies from Europe, Israel, the USA, Russia and Japan. Contributions from leading experts examine the relation between family background, education and occupational achievement over time and across educational levels, focusing on the relationship between individuals' social origins and their income and occupational outcomes. Providing new theoretical insights, this book eloquently analyzes a variety of barriers to social mobility. Using concepts of compensatory and boosting advantage to explain the intergenerational transmission of social inequality, it refutes the notion of contemporary societies as education-based and meritocratic, showing that in most of the countries studied there is no sign of decreasing intergenerational association, despite the expansion of education.
Table of Contents:
-- 1. Introduction: Education as the Great Equalizer: A Theoretical Framework / Fabrizio Bernardi and Gabriele Ballarino -- 2. Inequality of Educational Returns in France. Changes in the Effect of Education and Social Background on Occupational Careers / Louis-André Vallet, Camille Peugny and Milan Bouchet-Valat -- 3. Legacies of the Past: Social Origin, Educational Attainment and Labour-market Outcomes in Germany / Michael Grätz and Reinhard Pollack -- 4. Inequality in Educational Returns in Hungary / Tamás Keller and Péter Robért -- 5. Changes in the Stratification Process in Israel, 1995-2008 / Carmel Blank, Eyal Bar-Haim and Yossi Shavit -- 6. Social Background and Education in Occupational Attainment in Italy / Gabriele Ballarino, Carlo Barone and Nazareno Panichella -- 7. Inequality in Educational Returns in Japan / Yoshimichi Sato and Shin Arita -- 8. Social Origin and Inequality in Educational Returns in the Dutch Labour Market / Jochen Tolsma and Maarten H.J. Wolbers -- 9. Direct Social Origin Effects and Educational Returns in Norway / Arne Mastekaasa -- 10. The Effects of Parental Social Background on Labour Market Outcomes in Russia / Alexey Bessudnov -- 11. Is Education the Great Equalizer for the Chances of Social Mobility in Spain? / Fabrizio Bernardi -- 12. The Direct and Indirect Effects of Social Background on Occupational Positions in Sweden: New Evidence on Old Questions / Erik Bihagen and Juho Härkönen -- 13. Inequalities in Returns to Education in Switzerland / Francesco Laganà -- 14. Social Origin, Education and Socio-economic Inequalities: Trends in the United Kingdom / Leen Vandecasteele -- 15. Education and the Intergenerational Transmission of Advantage in the US / Florencia Torche -- 16. The Intergenerational Transmission of Inequality and Education in 14 Countries: A Comparison / Gabriele Ballarino and Fabrizio Bernardi -- Index