A review of China's financial system and initiatives for the future
Title: A review of China's financial system and initiatives for the future
Citation: James A. BARTH, John A. TATOM and Glenn YAGO (eds), China's emerging financial markets : challenges and opportunities, Cham : Springer, 2009, The Milken Institute Series on financial innovation and economic growth, pp. 3-72
We provide a comprehensive review of China's financial system and explore directions of future development. First, the current financial system is dominated by a large banking sector. In recent years, banks have made considerable progress in reducing the amount of non-performing loans and improving their efficiency. It is important that these efforts are continued. Second, the role of the stock market in allocating resources in the economy has been limited and ineffective. Further development of China's stock market and other financial markets is the most important task in the long term. Third, the most successful part of the financial system, in terms of supporting the growth of the overall economy, is a non-standard sector that consists of alternative financing channels, governance mechanisms, and institutions. This sector should co-exist with banks and markets in the future in order to continue to support the growth of the Hybrid Sector (non-state, non-listed firms). Finally, in order to sustain stable economic growth, China should aim to prevent and halt damaging financial crises, including a banking sector crisis, a real estate or stock market crash, and a "twin crisis" in the currency market and banking sector.
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