Running around in circles? : the cyclical relationship between Turkey and the European Union
Title: Running around in circles? : the cyclical relationship between Turkey and the European Union
Citation: Journal of Southern Europe and the Balkans online, 2007, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 233-245
ISSN: 1944-8953; 1944-8961
Since the establishment of the republic, Turkey's development has evolved in ebbs and flows. Periods of growth, modernization and political liberalization have alternated with years of political instability, violence and economic crisis. Since the late 1990s, these cyclical trends have run parallel to Turkey's relationship with the European Union (EU). Turkey's ties with the Union have been far from linear. While generally moving towards greater levels of integration, relations have been often marred by moments of tension and crisis. The argument developed below is that as Turkey's integration with the EU has proceeded, the ups and downs in EU–Turkey relations have increasingly interacted with Turkey's domestic transformation, at times promoting change while at other times hindering modernization and democratization. This paper delves into this interaction, exploring how and why the EU dimension has affected the acceleration, deceleration or retreat of Turkey's reform process.
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