What are the chances of young Turks and Italians for equal education and employment in Germany? : the role of objective and subjective indicators
Title: What are the chances of young Turks and Italians for equal education and employment in Germany? : the role of objective and subjective indicators
Author: VON BELOW, Susanne
Citation: Social Indicators Research, 2007, Vol. 82, No. 2, pp. 209-231
ISSN: 0303-8300; 1573-0921
As the recent OECD PISA studies have shown, social background plays a greater role for achieving a solid education in Germany than in most other developed countries; this is especially so for migrant youths. This paper deals with the question, which level education and qualification migrants in Germany achieve, and how their chances for achieving qualifications and positions are compared to Germans. First, an overview over results of studies on educational participation, degrees, and social inequality among migrants is given. Then I show, using data from the 2000 BiB-Integration Survey, that young Turks and Italians have achieved notably lower levels of education than Germans. Finally, I discuss possible reasons and agencies that might cause these findings, which then are scrutinised by empirical analyses. It can be found that the marked under-representation with regard to higher educational and professional degrees of young Italians and Turks is clearly related to the low educational level of their parents, as well as factors of integration and attitudes. It does become obvious, however, that Turks have lower chances that cannot be explained by their parents’ qualification or other factors. This is also the case for the second immigrant generation.
Subject: Education; Qualification; Employment; Equal opportunity; Germany
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