Kin-states intervention in ethnic conflicts : Albania and Turkey compared
Title: Kin-states intervention in ethnic conflicts : Albania and Turkey compared
Author: KOINOVA, Maria
Citation: Ethnopolitics, 2008, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 373-390
Albania and Turkey did not act in overtly irredentist ways towards their ethnic brethren in neighboring states after the end of communism. Why, nonetheless, did Albania facilitate the increase of ethnic conflict in Kosovo and Macedonia, while Turkey did not, with respect to the Turks of Bulgaria? I argue that kin-states undergoing transition are more prone to intervene in external conflicts than states that are not, regardless of the salience of minority demands in the host-state. The transition weakens the institutions of the kin-state. Experiencing limited institutional constraints, self-seeking state officials create alliances with secessionist and autonomist movements across borders alongside their own ideological, clan-based and particularistic interests. Such alliances are often utilized to advance radical domestic agendas. Unlike in Albania's transition environment, in Turkey there were no emerging elites that could potentially form alliances and use external movements to legitimize their own domestic existence or claims.
Subject: Irredentism; Transition; State weakness; Albanians; Turks
Earlier different version: http://hdl.handle.net/1814/5304
Version: The article is a revised version of a chapter of the author's EUI PhD thesis, 2005
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