GATS mode 4 and labour mobility : the significance of employment market access
Title: GATS mode 4 and labour mobility : the significance of employment market access
Author: JACOBSSON, Johanna
Citation: Marion PANIZZON, Gottfried ZÜRCHER and Elisa FORNALE (eds), The Palgrave handbook of international labour migration, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, pp. 61-94
This chapter examines the concept and scope of the so-called Mode 4 which is employed in the WTO’s General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) to regulate the movement of natural persons providing services. Whereas previous research has mainly focused on the temporary nature of such movement and on the different categories of persons covered, the present chapter attempts to formulate a more conceptual understanding of Mode 4. Such an understanding is inspired by the GATS Annex on Movement of Natural Persons Supplying Services (the MNP Annex) according to which the GATS does not apply to measures affecting natural persons seeking access to the employment market of a WTO Member. Taking this demarcation as a starting point, the chapter analyses whether employment market access (or rather, non-access) can be used to conceptualize Mode 4. The focus is thus on the interaction of international trade rules with domestic employment and immigration laws. In addition, the results of a brief empirical study on the biggest service importers’ practice are presented. The results show that most of these WTO Members consider Mode 4 movement to take place outside the national labour markets.
Chapter 4 of author's thesis draws upon this
Files in this item
There are no files associated with this item.