Addressing demand in the context of trafficking in the domestic work sector : perspectives from seven European countries
Title: Addressing demand in the context of trafficking in the domestic work sector : perspectives from seven European countries
Author: RICARD-GUAY, Alexandra
Series/Number: DemandAT; Working Paper; 2016/07
External link: http://www.demandat.eu
This report examines the demand-side of trafficking in the domestic work sector based on seven country studies (Belgium, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, and the UK). The report i) provides an overview of the phenomenon of trafficking in domestic work, ii) examines the factors influencing the demand in the context of trafficking, and iii) discusses key challenges in responding to and tackling this issue. The paper argues that measures addressing the demand-side (employers/labour market) can hardly be separated from tackling the ‘supply’ side, namely addressing the workers’ situations. Domestic workers face vulnerabilities to exploitation: the work is performed in private homes within intimate relationships characterised by dependency and power imbalance, very often within informal and live-in arrangements. Some policies may also foster the precariousness of migrant domestic workers. Preventing trafficking from occurring and discouraging inappropriate demand includes the reduction of vulnerability to abuse on the side of workers and the limitation of the opportunities for exploitation on the side of employers. Thus, a holistic approach must be adopted to address the demand-side of trafficking. Establishing stronger regulations for domestic work is crucial, but it is not sufficient without simultaneously seeking ways of empowering domestic workers and fostering change in social norms and employers’ behaviour, beliefs, and attitudes that tend to undervalue domestic work.
Grant number: FP7/612869/EU
Type of Access: openAccess